How Much Money Do You Need To Buy A House?
Laura Gariepy6-Minute Read
April 27, 2021
You’re so ready to be done with renting. You’re just not sure if you’re financially ready to buy a home. You know there’s more to being a homeowner than just paying your mortgage each month. But, you wonder, how much money do you need to buy a house?
Upfront Costs Of Buying A House (And How Much You’ll Need)
Buying a house can cost you some serious money upfront. These expenses involve significantly more than just your down payment, too. Let’s take a look at an example.
Let’s say you buy a $300,000 home with a 30-year fixed mortgage at 3% interest. You put 20% down. This is roughly what it would cost you to move into your new home:
Of course, there are lots of variables at play here. Your situation may look completely different depending on the cost of your home and what type of mortgage you take out. It’s just important for you to understand all of the potential costs involved in a real estate transaction. We’ll look at them in more detail below.
Conventional wisdom says your down payment should be at least 20%. While putting that much down can result in a better interest rate, help you avoid paying private mortgage insurance, and get you a lower monthly mortgage payment, the truth is, you don’t need to come up with that much money. In fact, it’s possible to buy a home with 0% down.
Here are the minimum down payment requirements by mortgage type:
- Conventional: 3 – 15% (depending on your creditworthiness and how much you’re borrowing)
- FHA: 3.5%
- USDA: 0%
- VA: 0%
Of course, each type of loan has specific eligibility criteria you’d have to meet to qualify. For instance, VA mortgages are only available to active military members, veterans and, in some cases, their spouses. You’ll have to learn about each type of mortgage to see which best fits your situation.
After your down payment, your closing costs will be the next biggest hit to your wallet. These costs vary by state, lender, and loan and cover expenses associated with finalizing your real estate transaction. In general, you can expect to pay 3% – 6% of your home’s purchase price.
The most expensive closing cost is likely funding your escrow account, which could be up to 2% of what you pay for your house. This account is opened by your lender and will be used to pay your homeowner’s insurance, property taxes and mortgage insurance (if applicable) on your behalf. While your monthly mortgage payment will include these costs on an ongoing basis, your state may require you to prepay a certain number of months in advance.
Though many closing costs are applicable regardless of mortgage type, FHA, VA and USDA loans have specific fees. FHA borrowers will need to pay 1.75% of their loan amount in mortgage insurance upfront. VA loan holders will likely pay a funding fee based on how much money they put down. And USDA mortgagors will pay 1% of their borrowed amount as a guarantee fee.
You may be able to convince the seller to cover some of your closing costs (the maximum amount allowed is based on mortgage type). There are also programs designed to help first time homebuyers cover this expense. If neither applies to your situation, some lenders might allow you to roll your closing costs into your loan. While this frees up cash flow now, your monthly payment will be higher, and you’ll pay interest on the additional amount, increasing your overall cost to borrow.
Your lender wants to be sure that you’re not going to be in the poorhouse after you buy your home. So, in order to protect their investment, they may require you to have cash reserves in the bank after closing – expressed as a certain number of extra monthly mortgage payments.
The requirement could be as few as 2 months to as many as 12, if you’re self-employed. If you’re taking out a jumbo loan, you will need to have 12 months’ worth of extra mortgage payments in the bank. Having sufficient cash reserves from the start decreases your likelihood of defaulting on your mortgage. Plus, won’t it feel nice to have some breathing room?
Other One-Time Fees And Expenses
Although the big expenses have already been covered, you’ll still need to pay several other one-time fees when buying a house. Some of these fees include:
- home inspection fee: $300 – $500
- home appraisal fee: $300 – $500
- credit report fee: $20 – $30
- title search fee: $75 – $100
- moving company fees: up to $5,000 for a long-distance move
Recurring Costs Of Buying A House (And How Much You’ll Need)
You’ll drop more money than you ever have before at the closing table. But, the costs of homeownership are only just beginning. In order to properly enjoy your home and keep your finances in good shape, you’ll need to budget for several recurring expenses associated with buying a house.
Of course, there’s your actual mortgage payment, which includes principal and interest based on the amount you borrowed, your loan term, and your interest rate. Chances are, your monthly payment to your lender will also cover your:
- mortgage insurance (if applicable)
- homeowners insurance
- property taxes
If you have a conventional mortgage, and you don’t put 20% down, you’ll pay 0.5% – 1% of your loan amount each year in private mortgage insurance (PMI). The good news is that once you’ve built up 20% equity in your home, the expense will end. Assuming you borrowed $240,000, you’ll pay $1,200 – 2,400 annually.
However, if you have an FHA mortgage, you’ll likely have to pay mortgage insurance for the life of the loan to the tune of 0.45% – 1.05% of your borrowed amount every year. Assuming a $240,000 initial loan, you’ll pay $1,080 – $2,520 annually.
Based on policy terms, your homeowners insurance will repair or replace your home and its contents if you experience qualifying damage or theft. The average homeowners insurance premium is $1,200 per year. But, your rate could vary depending on the location of your home, its condition, your credit score, your deductible and other factors.
Property taxes are collected to pay for essential services in your community (think first responders, road repair, public schools, etc.). It’s a wild card expense that can vary dramatically based on where your property is located and the assessed value of your home. Your local government is responsible for setting the tax rate and can increase it at any time. To give you a ballpark idea, expect to pay about $1 per $1,000 of your home’s value each month. That means a $300,000 home would run you $300 per month, or $3,600 annually.
Maintenance, Repairs and Upkeep
As if all of the above wasn’t pricey enough, you’re responsible for keeping your home in good condition. That means you’ll need to pay for routine maintenance and required repairs. A good rule of thumb is to set aside 1%-3% of your home’s value each year to cover any work that your house needs. So, for a home worth $300,000, be sure to have $1,000-$3,000 on hand.
Utilities and Other Expenses
Don’t forget, now that you’re not renting anymore, all of the utilities are on you. That means you’ll have to cover the electricity, heating, and water bills each month. While utility rates vary based on utility type and service provider, the average homeowner in America spends roughly $270 per month to cover these expenses.
Is your property under a homeowners association (HOA)? If so, you’ll need to pay fees as a member. These fees cover community amenities and common area maintenance. The average homeowner of a single-family residence within an HOA ends up paying $200 – 300 per month.
Summary: The Costs Of Buying A Home
The answer to how much money you need to buy a house: It depends. Based on the route you take, you may need a lot of funds to close the deal. So, as you plan for your home purchase, be sure to account for both upfront and recurring costs. And do your homework to determine which type of mortgage works best for your situation. The type of loan you take out can play a huge factor in how much cash you need at closing and each month thereafter.
If you need more information, contact a real estate expert. They can provide guidance tailored to your unique circumstances.
Get the right home loan for you.
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