Property Surveys: What They Are And Where To Get One
Emma Tomsich4-Minute Read
September 08, 2021
As a new home buyer, the last thing you want to be involved with is a property dispute with your new neighbors. To avoid this situation and other unfortunate circumstances, consider getting a property survey.
A property survey is one of the most important things to have done when you’re buying a home or building an addition onto your current one. Let’s talk about why property surveys are so important and help you figure out where you can get one.
What Is A Property Survey?
A property survey, also known as a boundary survey, is a precise, professional measurement used to determine or validate the plot of land a home is built on. Property surveys are important for knowing property lines or building additions to your home, so you can avoid any restrictions or conditions that would interfere with the legal boundaries of the described property.
While many jurisdictions require a property survey be done, they’re not mandatory everywhere. Nonetheless, it can be beneficial to have an official document detailing your land’s boundaries in the case of neighborly property line disputes or other inconveniences.
Types of Property Surveys
Let’s take a look at the different types of property surveys and distinguish what sets them apart from each other.
Land surveying is the basic process used to confirm property lines on a parcel of land. They’re conducted by surveyors to identify and evaluate existing man-made structures, elevations, natural features and boundaries on a property. Land surveys are crucial for protecting property rights and preparing for land development.
Topographic surveys illustrate the property’s plane and elevation of the land in addition to boundaries. It looks for features that include ditches, embankments and contours in the roads. Topographic surveys are usually required in the event of requested road improvements.
A monumentation survey is needed when adding a fence to your property. This type of survey is conducted by placing markers on the surveyed area to establish the boundaries. From there, the fence can be more accurately placed and built.
An as-built survey determines property lines, as well as areas where improvements can be made. For example, an as-built survey could point out flaws or imperfections in the driveways or sidewalks. An as-built survey will also include ways to fix or improve these issues.
Mortgage surveys are similar to as-built surveys, in that the survey covers all of the land to be mortgaged. Therefore, the final survey will distinguish the property lines as defined for what will be covered in the mortgage.
Floodplain surveys show areas that are flood hazards. This type of survey can be beneficial for homeowners living in areas that are more prone to strong rainfalls and floods.
How To Read A Property Survey
After you choose what property survey you want and have it conducted, it’s time for you to interpret and understand what the property survey says. Some homeowners struggle with this step, so we’re going to give you some tips.
First, find the compass on the survey and locate the North arrow to approximate your property’s location on the ground.
Next, locate the legend on the survey that explains what certain symbols on the map mean. For example, this can include features such as land monuments, structures and easements.
After you understand the legend, look for the starting point, or “the point of beginning,” and trace the different segments of the land from there. Some surveys will specifically identify this point for you.
Finally, follow the numbers and letters that indicate the direction from North and the distance between points.
Take a look at these images of official property surveys to get a better visual idea of what you’ll be looking at.
How To Get A Property Line Survey
Let’s talk more about the process of having a property line survey done. In order to have a property line survey conducted, you must hire a professional land surveyor to measure out your property.
In addition to measuring the physical boundaries of the property, a land surveyor will also research the property’s history and legal description regarding things like subdivisions, easements and ecological restrictions.
When buying a new home, your mortgage lender or title company will usually require a new boundary survey be done upon purchase of the property.
How Much Does A Property Survey Cost?
The cost of a property survey varies based on what type of survey is needed, along with the size, history and location of the property. On average, a property boundary survey can cost anywhere from $100 – $600, while a mortgage survey has an average cost of $500. Typically, a property with more complex features or records history will come with a higher surveying cost.
To save on costs that come with property surveys, you can request a copy of a previous survey that was done on the property, though this service will still charge a fee.
How To Survey Your Own Property
While only a professional survey will be accepted for property records, you can find your property’s boundary lines yourself by reading the plat that is included with your property’s paperwork or finding it online. Your property deed should also contain a worded description of your land’s boundaries. With newer properties, you can even walk round and look for boundary markers like stakes or flags.
How To Find A Survey Of My Property Online
As a homeowner, you can view the property survey records by visiting your official county recorder or assessor’s office or website, which should have public maps for all of the real estate in the area. Your property lines can also be found through any online search engine on Geographical Information System (GIS) maps, or you can also view property lines on interactive online maps.
The Bottom Line: Property Surveys Are Beneficial For Homeowners
As a homeowner, it can be beneficial to have a property survey in the event that you decide to build, remodel, or compare property lines with your neighbor. There are many types of property surveys you can choose to have done, but you should make sure to pick which one is best for your situation and property.
Having a property survey will benefit you in the long run, and prevent disputes from occurring. Take some time to learn more about property surveys, and enjoy further reading on real estate and homeowner tips.
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